Download Chapter wise FSC 1st year Biology Notes in Pdf

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FSC 1st year Biology chapter-wise notes for Punjab Colleges students. Separate notes for objective MCQ, Short Questions, and Long Questions. Our teachers focus on paper patterns and prepare notes for HSSC/Intermediate level. Notes are according to the latest syllabus. Our Notes are easy especially for weak students.

FSC 1st year Biology Notes MCQ-and Short Questions

1- BIOLOGY AND SOME MAJOR FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATIONDownload
2-Biological MoleculesDownload
3-EnzymesDownload
4-The CellDownload
5-Variety of LifeDownload
6-Kingdom Prokaryotae )MoneraDownload
7-THE KINGDOM PROTISTA) OR PROTOCTISTADownload
8-Fungi the Kingdom Of RecyclersDownload
9-Kingdom PlantaeDownload
10-Kingdom AnimaliaDownload
11-BIOENERGETICSDownload
12-NUTRITIONDownload
13- Gaseous ExchangeDownload
14- TransportsDownload
  • Hypothesis, Organelles, Tissue Level
  • Genetic engineering. Such transgenic plants
  • Tissue culture techniques
  • Biological control, Population, Community
  • Hydroponic culture technique
  • Disease Control
  • study of Biology in the welfare of mankind
  • biological method for solving a biological problem
  • study of Biology in the welfare of mankind
  • Hypothesis, Organelles, Tissue Level
  • Genetic engineering. Such transgenic plants
  • Tissue culture techniques
  • Biological control, Population, Community
  • Hydroponic culture technique and Disease Control
  • Study of Biology in the welfare of mankind
  • Siological method for solving a biological problem
  • Study of Biology in the welfare of mankind
  • Carbohydrates suitable as food
  • High energy compounds and Function of mRNA
  • importance of water for life and What is amino acids
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  • Enzyme activity?
  • prosthetic group?
  • inhibitors of enzyme.
  • enzyme accelerate and metabolic reaction?
  • deficiency of an enzyme action.
  • importance of enzymes
  • Transport of materials across the cell membrane.
  • Structural modifications and secretions.
  • Chromosome loses its centromere?
  • Similarity between bacterial and plant cell wall
  • Compare structure and function of chloroplasts
  • Cell Theory and its emergence.
  • Cytoskeleton (b) Peroxisomes & Glyoxysomes and liposomal enzymes
  • NOMENCLATURE
  • TWO TO FIVE KINGDOM CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS
  • Life cycle of Bacteriophages
  • VIRUSES
  • Some Viral Diseases
  • DISCOVERY and STRUCTURE OF BACTERIA
  • Bacterial Cell Structure
  • IMPORTANCE OF BACTERIA
  • Gram positive and Gram negative properties.
  • different methods used for controlling microbes.
  • role of antibiotics and immunization in controlling bacterial diseases
  • DIVERSITY AMONG PROTISTA
  • MAJOR GROUPS OF PROTISTA
  • Importance of Algae
  • FUNGUS-LIKE PROTISTS
  • important features of protists.
  • protists importantance and Groups
  • characteristics of algae.
  • Distinguish features Oomycotes from fungi
  • NUTRITION IN FUNGI
  • Asexual reproduction and Sexual Reproduction
  • CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI
  • LAND ADAPTATIONS OF FUNGI
  • IMPORTANCE OF FUNGI and taxonomic status of fungi
  • sexual and asexual spores of Ascomycetes
  • Spore/Conidium (b) Ascus/Basidium (b) Dikaryotic/Diploid (c) Ascocarp/Ascus (c) Obligate parasite/Facultative parasite (d) Endomycorrhizae/Ectomycorrhizae (e) Plasmogamy/Karyogam
  • CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTAE
  • ADAPTATION TO LAND HABITAT
  • DIVISION TRACHEOPHYTA
  • PSILOPSIDA (PSILOPHYTA)
  • EVOLUTION OF LEAF
  • LYCOPSIDA and  SPHENOPSIDA , PTEROPSIDA
  • EVOLUTION OF SEED HABIT
  • GRADE BILATERIA
  • Triploblastic animals -The Acoelomates Phylum: Platyhelminthes -The Flatworms
  • Cnidaria and diploblastic origin, alternation of generations in cranidaria.
  • Parasitic adaptations in phylum platyhelminthes
  • Disease caused by certain nematodes.
  • Major groups of Arthropods.
  • What is the economic importance of insects
  • characteristics of mammals? How do the three subclasses protheria, metatheria and eutheria differ from one another.
  •  (a) Radial and Bilateral Symmetry. (b) Diploblastic and triploblastic animals. (c) Anamniotes and amniotes.
  • PHOTOSYNTHESIS (CONVERSION OF SOLAR ENERGY INTO CHEMICAL ENERGY)
  • PHOTOSYNTHETIC PIGMENTS
  • LIGHT-THE DRIVING ENERGY
  • ROLE OF CARBON DIOXIDE : A PHOTOSYNTHETIC REACTANT
  • REACTIONS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS
  • RESPIRATION
  • AUTOTROPHIC NUTRITION
  • HETEROTROPHIC NUTRITION
  • DIGESTION AND ABSORPTION
  • SOME COMMON DISEASES RELATED TO NUTRITION
  • NEED OF RESPIRATORY GAS EXCHANGE
  • ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF GAS EXCHANGE IN AIR AND IN WATER
  • GASEOUS EXCHANGE IN PLANTS
  • RESPIRATORY ORGANS IN REPRESENTATIVE AQUATIC AND TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS
  • MECHANICS OF VOLUNTARY AND INVOLUNTARY REGULATION OF BREATHING IN MAN
  • TRANSPORT OF RESPIRATORY GASES
  • NEED FOR TRANSPORT OF MATERIALS
  • TRANSPORT IN PLANTS
  • ASCENT OF SAP
  • TYPES OF TRANSPIRATION
  • OPENING AND CLOSING OF STOMATA
  • TRANSLOCATION OF ORGANIC SOLUTES
  • TRANSPORT IN ANIMALS
  • CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
  • TRANSPORT IN MAN :
  • LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
  • IMMUNITY – AND ITS TYPE

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